Water bird was the first aircraft in the UK to make a successful flight from water when she took off and landed on Lake Windermere on 25 November 1911. One of Britain’s most important aviation pioneers, owner Captain Edward Wakefield had bought the aircraft from A.V. Roe & Co. It was converted to a float plane at Wakefield’s base at Hill of Oaks and, from there, carried out numerous test flights including one of 20 miles duration with a height of 800 feet. The base at Hill of Oaks soon became a key Admiralty testing centre and by the beginning of World War I was a major training facility for Naval pilots before their often short deployment to the Western and Mediterranean fronts. This led to the establishment of a Royal Naval Air Station at Windermere in 1916.
Water Bird was sadly destroyed in March 1912, when her hangar collapsed during a storm. Her life was short, but very productive. It provided the vital springboard to establishing a twin centre of technical innovation and flying expertise. This combination drove the development of more sophisticated aircraft at such a pace that by the end of 1914, just some two years later, viable carrier borne naval aircraft were in action against Germany. In 1918, a Felixstowe Flying Boat, piloted by Captain Cooper Pattinson from Windermere, shot down a Zeppelin for which he was awarded the DFC.
This was a period of enormous change as designers and engineers struggled to overcome the challenges posed by a new technology operating in a hostile environment. Before techniques were developed for operating from ships, the RNAS operated seaplanes often using special tenders. The first attack by ship borne aircraft, raids on the Zeppelin bases at Cuxhaven, Nordholz and Wilhelmshaven, was launched from these tenders on Christmas Day of 1914. This was followed by the Tondern Raid, again against Zeppelins, which was the first instance of carrier launched aircraft. This great tradition of innovation and successfully overcoming the severe and unique difficulties of operating aircraft on water all stemmed back to the Water Bird and the pioneering designs and spirit that she represented.
CREW – 2
Speed -45 mph
Range – 35 miles
Ceiling – 800 ft
Number Built – 1
Length – 36 ft 5 in (11.10 m)
Wingspan – 41 ft (12.50 m)
Wing Area – 365 ft² (33.9 m²)
Gross Weight – 1,130 lb (513 kg)